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Population awareness of cardiovascular disease and its risk factors in Buea, Cameroon in BMC Public Health

Aminde LN, Takah N, Ngwasiri C, Noubiap JJ, Tindong M, Dzudie A, Veerman JL.

BMC Public Health. 2017 Jun 5;17(1):545

PMID: 28583117

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5460458/

Leopold Ndemnge Aminde (Cameroon)

 


1) Summarize your work in one sentence.

In this large community-based study of over a thousand randomly selected adults, we assessed the gender differential in population knowledge of risk factors and key warning features of cardiovascular disease (heart attack and stroke), including predictors of optimal awareness of cardiovascular disease.


2) Summarize your findings in one sentence.

Over a third (mostly men) of the population were unaware that high blood pressure and diabetes were risk factors for CVD, about half unaware of warning signs of heart attacks and stroke, with low levels of education, low income earners and absence of family history of CVD predicting poor knowledge.


3) Which were the more important methods you used in this work? If it is not a traditional method, you can briefly explain the concept of that methodology.

Random multi-stage sampling of over 1,100 adults in the population was undertaken with anthropometric parameters and risk factor assessments guided by WHO recommendations. Multivariable regression models were used to predict CVD awareness in the study population.


4) What did you learn from this paper, what was your take-home message?

Population knowledge on CVD is sub-optimal, with men having poorer knowledge on CVD risk factors and stroke. While disease awareness alone is no guarantee for positive cardiovascular outcomes, good knowledge is necessary for individuals to make informed decisions about their health by potentially adopting risk-free behaviours. Decision and policy makers should invest in, and scale up cardiovascular awareness campaigns in combined efforts to prevent CVD.  

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